X-Habitation (X-Hab) Deployable Greenhouse
Bryant Bennett, Jonathan Overton, Matthew Rogers, Peter Storm
Our objective is to develop fully autonomous greenhouse systems enabling human exploration on the Martian surface. Also, we will develop, integrate, test, and evaluate greenhouse systems that will be utilized as technology test bed and to advance NASA’s understanding of alternative mission architectures, requirements, and operations concepts, definition, and validation.
Provide dietary supplementation to a four person crew on the Moon or Mars with a self-sustaining, collapsible, and lightweight design that contains automated control systems that must be used where possible to reduce man hours required for operation.
Scope of Work
In conjunction with the Aerospace Engineering design team, the systems and structures necessary to supplement the diet of a four-man mission to Mars for at least 500 days has been designed. The systems and structures were designed with future additions in mind, allowing for modular additions and extended use. In all aspects of the project, safety was held paramount. On Mars, a systems failure will almost undoubtedly result in loss of life, equipment, and investment. Ensuring that all systems are reliable and properly functioning has been the top priority of the team. With a four-man team, all man-hours will be crucial to the development of knowledge pertaining to Mars, and more time spent operating and maintaining food production systems will result in less available time for scientific research or other advancement. Automation systems were developed in conjunction with BAE 3023 (Instrumentation and Controls in Biosystems Engineering). The selection of a biological production system to fill the greenhouse design of the NASA X-Hab Greenhouse Structures Team (Aerospace Engineering) was conducted by the NASA X-Hab Environmental Team (Biosystems Engineering). The plants selected are sufficient to supplement a four-man crew on the Moon, Mars, or similar bodies. In addition, the rotation of planting and harvesting is sufficient to provide continuous production for 500 days and has been optimized to require as little space as possible.